Blog Discontinued March 17, 2009Posted by soulscripture in adab.
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This blog has been discontinued, for further information on Adab in Islam and other issues please visit my alternative blog:
JazakhumAllahu khairun for visiting…
Adab of the EARS! September 21, 2007Posted by soulscripture in adab, Adab in Islam.
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The ear is responsible before Allah for what it hears. The righteous people are those who listen carefully to what is said and follow it.
The ears fast from listening to obscenities, music and lewd material. To the righteous there is an illustrious fast from hearing things that may anger Allah (SWT) both in and outside of Ramadhan.
There are those amongst us, that fill their ears with forbidden sounds and sinful words and forbid their ears from the Noble Quran, the noble, distinct and divine audition. Listening to the Quran bears the fruit of faith, guidance, light and prosperity; filling the heart with wisdom, tranquility, intimacy and contentment. It is a source of protection from dangerous, deviant, and sinful thoughts. So the power of the ears lies in rememberance, beneficial knowledge, good advice, profound manners,and good speech.
Advice from the Qurān and Sunnāh on the fasting of the ears
And follow not (O man i.e., say not, or do not or witness not, etc.) that of which you have no knowledge (e.g. ones saying: “I have seen,” while in fact he has not seen, or “I have heard,” while he has not heard). Verily! The hearing, and the sight, and the heart, of each of those you will be questioned (by Allah).
(Surah Al-Isra: Verse 36)
And surely, We have created many of the jinns and mankind for Hell. They have hearts wherewith they understand not, they have eyes wherewith they see not, and they have ears wherewith they hear not (the truth). They are like cattle, nay even more astray; those! They are the heedless ones.
(Surah Al-Araf: Verse 179)
Or do you think that most of them hear or understand? They are only like cattle; nay, they are even farther astray from the Path. (i.e. even worst than cattle).
(Surah Al-Furqan: Verse 44)
And when they (who call themselves Christians) listen to what has been sent down to the Messenger (Muhammad SAW), you see their eyes overflowing with tears because of the truth they have recognised. They say: “Our Lord! We believe; so write us down among the witnesses. (Surah Al-Maeda: Verse 83)
And whenever there comes down a Soorah (chapter from the Quran), some of them (hypocrites) say: “Which of you has had his faith increased by it?” As for those who believe, it has increased their faith, and they rejoice. But as for those in whose hearts is a disease (of doubt, disbelief and hypocrisy), it will add suspicion and doubt to their suspicion, disbelief and doubt, and they die while they are disbelievers.
(Surah At- Taubah: Verse 124-125)
And those who turn away from Al-Laghw (dirty, false, evil vain talk, falsehood, and all that Allah has forbidden).
(Surah Al- Mu’minoon: Verse 3)
And when they hear AlLaghw (dirty, false, evil vain talk), they withdraw from it and say: “To us our deeds, and to you your deeds. Peace be to you. We seek not the ignorant.”
(Surah Al-Qasas: Verse 55)
Adab of the EYES! September 18, 2007Posted by soulscripture in adab.
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As we all know, the adab of fasting doesn’t just involve thirst and hunger, but also involves fasting with all the parts of the body. Those include the heart, the tongue (hence avoiding Al-Ghiba), the eyes, ears, hands and feet.
Allah (swt) says in the Quran:
قُل لِّلْمُؤْمِنِينَ يَغُضُّوا مِنْ أَبْصَارِهِمْ وَيَحْفَظُوا فُرُوجَهُمْ ذَلِكَ أَزْكَى لَهُمْ إِنَّ اللَّهَ خَبِيرٌ بِمَا يَصْنَعُونَ
وَقُل لِّلْمُؤْمِنَاتِ يَغْضُضْنَ مِنْ أَبْصَارِهِنَّ وَيَحْفَظْنَ فُرُوجَهُنَّ وَلَا يُبْدِينَ زِينَتَهُنَّ إِلَّا مَا ظَهَرَ مِنْهَا وَلْيَضْرِبْنَ بِخُمُرِهِنَّ عَلَى جُيُوبِهِنَّ وَلَا يُبْدِينَ زِينَتَهُنَّ إِلَّا لِبُعُولَتِهِنَّ أَوْ آبَائِهِنَّ أَوْ آبَاء بُعُولَتِهِنَّ أَوْ أَبْنَائِهِنَّ أَوْ أَبْنَاء بُعُولَتِهِنَّ أَوْ إِخْوَانِهِنَّ أَوْ بَنِي إِخْوَانِهِنَّ أَوْ بَنِي أَخَوَاتِهِنَّ أَوْ نِسَائِهِنَّ أَوْ مَا مَلَكَتْ أَيْمَانُهُنَّ أَوِ التَّابِعِينَ غَيْرِ أُوْلِي الْإِرْبَةِ مِنَ الرِّجَالِ أَوِ الطِّفْلِ الَّذِينَ لَمْ يَظْهَرُوا عَلَى عَوْرَاتِ النِّسَاء وَلَا يَضْرِبْنَ بِأَرْجُلِهِنَّ لِيُعْلَمَ مَا يُخْفِينَ مِن زِينَتِهِنَّ وَتُوبُوا إِلَى اللَّهِ جَمِيعًا أَيُّهَا الْمُؤْمِنُونَ لَعَلَّكُمْ تُفْلِحُونَ
“Say to the believing men that they should lower their gaze and guard their modesty: that will make for greater purity for them: And Allah is well acquainted with all that they do. And say to the believing women that they should lower their gaze and guard their modesty; that they should not display their beauty and ornaments except what (must ordinarily) appear thereof; that they should draw their veils over their bosoms and not display their beauty except to their husbands, their fathers, their husband’s fathers, their sons, their husbands’ sons, their brothers or their brothers’ sons, or their sisters’ sons, or their women, or the slaves whom their right hands possess, or male servants free of physical needs, or small children who have no sense of the shame of sex; and that they should not strike their feet in order to draw attention to their hidden ornaments. And O ye Believers! turn ye all together towards Allah, that ye may attain Bliss.”
(Quran:Surah 24: verse 30 and 31)
The eye is an opening to the heart and a door to the spirit. Ali ibn Abi Talib once asked the Prophet (saw) about the gaze. He (saw) replied: ‘Lower your gaze’ Hence whoever does not lower his gaze will be afflicted by 4 calamities.
1. The disposing of the heart in every direction, and its tearing apart in every field. As a consequence, it has no stability and enjoys no inner peace. Neither is it able to mobilize all its power. It is wounded and weakened and quite rightly complains of the misdeeds of the eyes, its gazes and glances.
2. Punishments of the soul and training it with the loss what is saw and did not get. the soul, because of the act of the eye, is in constant distress, anxiety and turmoil.
3. With the release of forbidden glances, the sweetnesses of worship and obedience is lost. Thus, say goodbye to the light of faith if the eye is not disciplined and made to fast from the unlawful sights. The souls will neither taste faith not find conviction except through the control of the eye.
4. Because of the great sin incurred by its violation of honour and privacy, the eyes would be rewarded with great sin. No one ever fell into filth and perversion except after his eyes had gone astray. Surely there is no movement and no power except with Allah the most High, the most Magnificent.
5 Benefits of Lowering the gaze:
1. Obedience to Allah (swt) command to lower the gaze and hence a blessing and honour in this world and the akhirra inshaAllah.
2. Peace of the heart, its nourishment as well as its realization of its full potential, comfort, happiness and ease.
3. Avoidance of calamaties and safety from trials and misdeeds.
4. Allah opens for His servants the doors of Ilm, understanding, success and uprightness; a fitting reward for piety.
5. Allah will instil a sense of discernment in the heart of the learned and His perfect light in the souls of the truthful; again a reward for those who lowered their gaze.
So the eyes are expected to fast in obedience to the Ever living, the Selfsubsisting. There are people whose stomach fasts from food and dirnk but their eyes graze shrubbery of forbidden sights. Such people do not know the real essence of fasting. So, let our eyes fast from the unlawful things in the same way that we abstein from food and drink inshaAllah. Let our hearts be healthy and our spirits relax. Truly by controlling our every action, and controlling every part of our body in accordance with the correct islamic adab we will be of those who will have taqwā….insha’Allah
Adab of Eating: Forbidden Vessels September 10, 2007Posted by soulscripture in adab.
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It is forbidden to eat or drink from any kind of dish or with any kind of utensil that is made from Gold or Silver
Any of todays shops that specialise in hoousehold items have gold and silver containers or gold and silver plated ones, as is the case in the houses of the rich and for a number of hotels. indeed this sort of container has become one of the precious gifts that people exchange during special occasions. Some people may not have them in their houses, but they use them in the houses of others and in their dinner parties.
The Messenger of Allāh (صلى الله عليه وسلم) said ” Do not wear silk or ad-Deebaaj (a kind of silk); do not drink from containers of gold and silvr, and do not eat from bowls that are made from them, for they are for them in this world, and for us in the Hereafter”. (Narrated by Hudhayfah (رضى الله عنه); reported by As-Sabba)
All this is forbidden in the Sharee’ah and a severe warning has been reported from the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) about using such utensils: Umm Salamah (may Allah be pleased with her) narrated:
“He who eats or drinks out of silver and gold utensils, is indeed dragging in his stomach the fire of Jahannum.” (Muslim)
This includes all vessels, containers and utensils of food, such as plates, forks, spoons, knives, utensils used for serving guests and the sweet boxes that are offered in weddings and the like. Some people reason that they do not use them for eating and drinking, but they keep then on shelves behind glass for display. This is not permissible because people might be tempted to use them as the temptation to use them is still remaining (Statement by Shaykh Bin Baz).
Ref: Taken from FORBIDDEN by Shaykh Saleh Munajjid.
Adab In Islām May 23, 2007Posted by soulscripture in adab.
In the name of Allah the all Merciful, The most Compassionate
إن الحمد لله نحمده وستعينه ونستغفره ونعوذ بالله من شرور أنفسنا ومن سيئات أعمالنا إنه من يهده الله فهو المهتد ومن يضلل فلن تجد له وليا مرشدا ونشهد أن لا إله إلا الله وحده لا شريك له ونشهد أن محمدا عبده ورسله
٭٭٭٭٭ ٭٭٭٭٭ ٭٭٭٭٭
All praise is for Allah. We praise Him, we seek His aid, and His forgiveness.
We seek Allah’s refuge from the evils of ourselves and from our evil
actions. Whomsoever Allah guides then none can misguide him,
and whomsoever Allah misguides then none can guide him.
We testify that none has the right to be worshipped except Allah,
alone, having no partner, and we testify that Muhammad
is His slave and His Messenger.
Umar Ibn Al Khattab (رضى الله عنه) narrated:
“I heard the Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وسلم) say: “Actions are but by intention and every man shall have but that which he intended. Thus he whose migration was for Allah and His messenger, his migration was for Allah and His messenger, and he whose migration was to achieve some worldly benefit or to take some woman in marriage, his migration was for that for which he migrated.”
(Bukhari & Muslim)
The one who seeks knowledge to fight quarrel or debate, to compete with the people of knowledge, to get attention, fame, or has any other ill intention; then Allah (سبحانه وتعالى) will enter this person into hellfire. Some seek knowledge for worldly reasons and fame, hence it is important to purify our intentions, before acquiring, or seeking knowledge.
Adab in the “Modern” World
Perhaps our greatest need in today’s adab-less society is really to look at our simple courtesy, our adab, the significance of our social behaviour, so we can take heed to the fact that as Muslims, we’re not just defined by the way we dress or our look. Muslims, Jews, Sikhs, Christians, many people grow their beards for example, the distinguishing factor though that makes the believer stand out, is not the length of his beard, but his adab. When we see a Muslim with a long beard and jubba, we are the first to say Masha’Allah, but when was the last time we said Masha’Allah to the adab, the manners, and the etiquettes of others with us? The true essence of adab is that no person is harmed by that person’s actions or tongue.
“A complete believer is he from whose tongue and hand (actions) his fellow Muslims are safe”.
(Bukhari & Muslim)
Sadly in today’s society, many Muslims are increasingly gaining a somewhat immoral, corrupt, deceptive reputation. The fine line between right and wrong has become increasingly blurred and the need for guidance in terms of moral guidance has never been greater. The following story was related by a famous scholar from the asian sub-continent:
“A man came to visit a scholar with his son. They travelled some distance to come, by train. The train fair for adults was classed as 13 and above which seemed quite expensive to the man, as his child had just passed the age of 13. When they arrived to see the scholar, he enquired of the journey, and how it must have cost a fair amount of money for them to travel there. The man told the scholar, “Oh no, my child looks under 13, so his fair was half”. The scholar then told the man of the great sin he had committed. This was not only a major sin, but the man was guilty of theft and deception; by carrying out an act to ‘save money’.”
This story highlights that we are often so obsessed with a good act, we become blind to the major sins we may commit and be teaching to our children. We may think on occasion “Oh we’ll get away with it”, but the ethics of our conduct with others are effectively what will be held to account on the Day of Judgement, so how can we become so blind to the scale of sin we are committing? It is all well and good for us to be devoted Muslims, praying 5 times a day, fasting, giving charity etc, but these are just a few branches of Islam, it’s our akhlaaq, our mua’malat (acts of welfare or good with our fellow Muslims) that really define our characters, and our true identity as believers. When we look to perfect our own characters, we must look at the greatest example Allah (سبحانه وتعالى) sent to the believers as an example. The Prophet’s (صلى الله عليه وسلم) character was such that his actions emanated mercy, patience, kindness, gentleness, justness, and sincerity to all.
Anas (رضى الله عنه) said:
“I served the Messenger of Allah when he was at home and on journeys from the time he came to Medina, to the day he died (صلى الله عليه وسلم). He never said to me about anything I had done, ‘Why did you do this?’ nor did he say to me about something I had not done, ‘Why didn’t you do such and such?’
(Al-Adab Al Mufrad)
Anas (رضى الله عنه) said:
“Whenever Allah’s Apostle greeted somebody, he used to greet him three times, and if he spoke a sentence, he used to repeat it thrice”.
(Sahih Bukhari: Book of seeking permission)
Many non-Muslims, reverted due to His (صلى الله عليه وسلم) noble manners. Today, how many people revert to Islam because of the character, manners and etiquettes of the Muslims? The state of our affairs is now such that some non-Muslims are better in manners than Muslims. Even the etiquettes of bartering leave us to take things to such an extreme, we become so miserly we want everything for as cheap as possible. We don’t care that the seller may be making a loss, or that his heart is not content in the sale, we just want, want, want. When we’re driving on the motorways, how many of us give way to other drivers or get road rage? When was the last time you got angry at someone that overtook you? SubhanAllah, we need to take a step back and really take a look at how just we are with others. Do we have even a grain of mercy or patience within us?
The Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) said:
“You must be gentle. Whenever there is gentleness in some matter, it adorns it and whenever it is taken away it disfigures it.”
Such was the obedience and eagerness of the companions, subhanAllah, that after the revelation of this verse; it is narrated by Abdullah ibn al Zubayr that whenever Umar ibn al-Khattab wanted to speak to the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم). He would talk almost in whispers to the point that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) could hardly hear him and would ask him to repeat what he said. Such basic issues are continually being ignored amongst the Muslims everywhere. In the Quran, Allah (سبحانه وتعالى) addressed the companions of the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم):
يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا لَا تَرْفَعُوا أَصْوَاتَكُمْ فَوْقَ صَوْتِ النَّبِيِّ وَلَا تَجْهَرُوا لَهُ بِالْقَوْلِ كَجَهْرِ بَعْضِكُمْ لِبَعْضٍ أَن تَحْبَطَ أَعْمَالُكُمْ وَأَنتُمْ لَا تَشْعُرُونَ- إِنَّ الَّذِينَ يَغُضُّونَ أَصْوَاتَهُمْ عِندَ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ أُوْلَئِكَ الَّذِينَ امْتَحَنَ اللَّهُ قُلُوبَهُمْ لِلتَّقْوَى لَهُم مَّغْفِرَةٌ وَأَجْرٌ عَظِيمٌ
“O you who believe! Raise not your voices above the voice of the Prophet, nor speak aloud to Him as you speak aloud to one another, lest your deeds become fruitless and you perceive not. Those that lower their voices in the presence of Allah’s apostle, Allah has tested their hearts for piety, for them there is forgiveness and a great reward.”
(Quran: Surah al-Hujraat, verses 2-3)
Lying, breaking promises, becoming foul mouthed at the first sniff of anger, how many of us are guilty of this, and forget the imminent warnings:
إِنَّ الْمُنَافِقِينَ فِي الدَّرْكِ الأَسْفَلِ مِنَ النَّارِ وَلَن تَجِدَ لَهُمْ نَصِيرًا
“The hypocrites are in the lowest levels of Hell and you will not find anyone to help them”.
(Surah an-Nisa :verse 145)
Narrated by ‘Abdullah bin ‘Amr (رضى الله عنه) : The Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) said, “Whoever has (the following) four characters will be a hypocrite, and whoever has one of the following four characteristics will have one characteristic of hypocrisy until he gives it up. These are: (1 ) Whenever he talks, he tells a lie; (2) whenever he makes a promise, he breaks it; (3) whenever he makes a covenant he proves treacherous; (4) and whenever he quarrels, he behaves impudently in an evil insulting manner.” (Sahih Bukhari & Sahih Muslim)
A Muslims akhlaaq should be such that others trust him. It is only when we put into practice the example of the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) that we will truly achieve love for him and truly please Allah (سبحانه وتعالى).